who was ratna

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S. Subbulakshmi commemorated with a doodle", "The Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel 1998", "Biographical note: Amartya Sen: Thomas W. Lamont University Professor, and Professor of Economics and Philosophy", "Assam Legislative Assembly—Chief Ministers since 1937", "In Assam, Narendra Modi describes how Congress 'betrayed' it", "India's Nightingale Lata Mangeshkar turns 82 today", "Torch-bearers of kirana gharana, and their followers", "Indian Fellow: Professor Chintamani Nagesa Ramachandra Rao", "Records/Combined Test, ODI and T20I records/Batting records; Most runs in career", "History of BHU: The Capital of all Knowledge", "Speech of Prime Minister at the Commemoration of 150th Birth Anniversary of Mahamana Madan Mohan Malaviya inaugural function", "Profile: Shri Atal Bihari Vajpayee: March 19, 1998 – May 22, 2004 [Bhartiya Janta Party]", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Bharat_Ratna&oldid=998319560, Articles with dead external links from November 2016, Articles with permanently dead external links, Pages using infobox award with unknown parameters, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2015, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Articles containing Sanskrit-language text, Wikipedia articles with WorldCat-VIAF identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, An image of the Sun along with the words "Bharat Ratna", inscribed in, An Indian independence activist, statesman, and lawyer, Rajagopalachari was the only Indian and last, Philosopher Radhakrishnan served as India's first, Widely known for his work on the scattering of light and the discovery of the effect, better known as ", Independence activist, philosopher, and educationist, Das is a co-founder of, Independence activist and author, Nehru is the first and the, Independence activist Pant was premier of, Social reformer and educator, Karve is widely known for his works related to woman education and remarriage of Hindu widows. It is the highest civilian award of India that recognises the exceptional service of the highest order. K. Kamaraj died on 2 October 1975, at the age of 72. The award is named after Rajiv Gandhi, former Prime Minister of India who served the office from 1984 to 1989. [49][50], Though, as per the statutes for the Bharat Ratna, the recommendations for the award can only be made by the Prime Minister to the President,[4] there have been several demands from various political parties to honour their leaders. [44], A few of the conferments have been criticised for honouring personalities only after they received global recognition. [4] The award was originally confined to the arts, literature, science, and public services, as per the 1954 regulations. [3][17], Although there is no formal nomination process, recommendations for the award can only be made by the Prime Minister to the President with a maximum number of three nominees being awarded per year. [2] It was noted that only an announcement had been made by press communiqué, but the government had not proceeded to confer the award by publishing the name in the Gazette and entering the name in the register. Recipients whose awards have been revoked are required to surrender their medals, and their names are struck from the register. It has been awarded to a naturalized Indian citizen. [40][36], The posthumous conferments of the award on the recipients who died before the Indian independence in 1947 or the award was instituted in 1954 have been criticised by historians. The petitioner requested the whereabouts of Bose from 18 August 1945 to date, based on the information collected by the 1956 Shah Nawaz Committee and the 1970 Khosla Commission. Though usually conferred on India-born citizens, the Bharat Ratna has been awarded to one naturalised citizen – Mother Teresa, and to two non-Indians: Abdul Ghaffar Khan (born in British India and later citizen of Pakistan) and Nelson Mandela, born in and citizen of South Africa. Initially, the “Bharat Ratna” award was conferred on only alive persons and the award was not intended to be given posthumous. Sachin Tendulkar, at the age of 40, became the youngest person and first sportsperson to receive the honour. Instituted … The Ranga's Marriage by: Masti Venkatesha Iyengar Introduction The story depicts the life in Indian villages in the past when child marriage was a common practice. A Division bench comprising Chief Justice D.H. Waghela and Justice B.V. Nagarathna dismissed the petition stating that the subject is not amenable to any adjudication process and the nominations and conferment process is stated to be informal and in the discretion of the highest authority in the Government. [28] Similar claims have been made with regards to his daughter Indira Gandhi but this accusation has been found to be somewhat correct. [7][61], A PIL was filed in the Karnataka High Court where in the petitioner requested the court to issue a direction to the Ministry of Home Affairs to consider their representation dated 26 October 2012 and confer the Bharat Ratna upon Mahatma Gandhi. Rupa Publications. This page was last edited on 4 January 2021, at 21:13. [23], The Bharat Ratna has been surrounded by several controversies and multiple Public-Interest Litigations (PILs) had been filed against the conferral of the award. Ratna belongs to a big town and is an expert in playing musical instruments like veena and harmonium. PATNA: Bihar Chief Minister Nitish Kumar on Wednesday chuckled over the demand for conferring Bharat Ratna, the highest civilian honour in the country, on Congress president Sonia Gandhi. [2][3], The original 1954 specifications of the award was a circle made of gold 1 3⁄8 inches (35 mm) in diameter with a centred sun burst design on the obverse side. jewel, A precious or semi-precious stone; gem, gemstone. [31][33], In 1992, two PILs were filed in the High Courts; one in the Kerala High Court on 13 February 1992 by Balaji Raghavan and another in the Madhya Pradesh High Court (Indore Bench) on 24 August 1992 by Satya Pal Anand. [2] In December 2011, the rules were changed to include "any field of human endeavour". The suit stated that as Rao had proven cases of plagiarism, he should not be presented with the award but rather should be annulled. [26] Another PIL was filed against Tendulkar and a few ministers, "alleging a conspiracy to ignore" an Indian field hockey player Dhyan Chand. The award was instituted in 1954 to recognise the exceptional service or performance of the highest order without distinction of race, occupation, position, or sex. [2] On 15 January 1955, the Padma Vibhushan was reclassified into three different awards; the Padma Vibhushan, the highest of the three, followed by the Padma Bhushan and the Padma Shri. Know more about this topic. Indira Gandhi was the first Woman to receive Bharat Ratna award. Independence activist Azad was India's first Minister of Education and worked towards free primary education. [31], On 4 August 1997, the Supreme Court delivered an order that since the award had not been officially conferred, it cannot be revoked and declared that the press communiqué be treated as cancelled. Jayaprakash Narayan died on 8 October 1979, at the age of 76. Bharat Ratnas. Disambiguation page providing links to topics that could be referred to by the same search term, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Ratna&oldid=934010940, Disambiguation pages with given-name-holder lists, Disambiguation pages with short descriptions, Short description is different from Wikidata, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, The 14 ratnas that emerged from the sea of milk during the, This page was last edited on 4 January 2020, at 06:35. Bihar Chief Minister Nitish Kumar on Wednesday chuckled over the demand for conferring Bharat Ratna, the highest civilian honour in the country, on … [54] Similar demands were made by Telugu Desam Party, Bahujan Samaj Party, and Shiromani Akali Dal for their respective leaders N. T. Rama Rao, Kanshi Ram, and Parkash Singh Badal. Lal Bahadur Shastri died on 11 January 1966, at the age of 61. Looking for online definition of RATNA or what RATNA stands for? Ratna was overcome by shyness and ran inside. Ranga felt disappointed when the singing stopped. Bharat Ratna is the most prestigious award presented to the people who have immensely contributed to their field over the years. On 27 January 2014, a counsel appearing for the petitioner noted that after multiple representations from the petitioner, they were provided with the information under RTI that the recommendations to confer the award on Gandhi have been received multiple times in the past and were forwarded to the Prime Minister's Office. [5] Subsequently, several sportspersons' names were discussed; among the most talked-about of these was field-hockey player Dhyan Chand, who was recommended multiple times for the posthumous honour. He was the Chief Minister of Madras State during 1954–57, 1957–62, and 1962–63; and founder of Indian political party, "Saint Mother Teresa of Calcutta" was a catholic nun and the founder of the, Independence activist, social reformer, and a close associate of, Widely known as "Frontier Gandhi", independence activist and Pashtun leader Khan was a follower of, Known as the "Puratchi Thalaivar" ("Revolutionary Leader"), Actor turned politician Ramachandran was the first actor to become the chief minister of the state in the history of India. Congress national general secretary and former Uttarakhand chief minister Harish Rawat demanded the government of India to confer Bharat Ratna … Bharat Ratna Awards. Ratna (रत्न) (also Rathna or Rathan) is a Sanskrit term for "jewel". [59] In July 2013, the ministry again recommended Dhyan Chand. [31][32], To deliver the judgement, the Supreme Court formed a Special Division Bench with Judge Sujata V. Manohar and G. B. Pattanaik. The text "Bharat Ratna", in Devanagari Script, is inscribed on the upper edge in silver gilt with a wreath set along on the lower edge. Watch the video to find out more. [24] The petitioner took objection to the conferral of the award and its posthumous mention of Bose, saying that honouring a personality higher than the award is "ridiculous", and it was an act of "carelessness" to classify such a person with past and future recipients. [29] Indira's son Rajiv Gandhi was awarded Bharat Ratna posthumously after he was assassinated by LTTE in 1991. [3], There is no formal provision that recipients of the Bharat Ratna should be Indian citizens. In 1992, the government's decision to confer the award posthumously on Subhas Chandra Bose was opposed by those who had refused to accept the fact of his death, including some members of his extended family. First President of India, Dr. Rajendra Prasad ordered for establishing biggest ever civilian award ‘Bharat Ratna’ on January 2, 1954. Often titled as "Rajarshi", Tandon was an independence activist and served as speaker of the. The Narrator stages the entire union of Ranga and Ratna, Rama Rao’s eleven year old niece. [34] Other High Courts as well rejected the petitions raised against Rao and Tendulkar. Ans. Ratna (रत्न) (also Rathna or Rathan) is a Sanskrit term for "jewel". [b] On 25 August 1992, the Madhya Pradesh High Court issued a notice temporarily suspending all civilian awards. The first recipients of the Bharat Ratna were: the last Governor-General of the Dominion of India – C. Rajagopalachari, second President and the first Vice President of India – Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan, and Nobel Prize Laureate, Physicist C. V. Raman; who were honoured in 1954. Hazarika died on 5 November 2011, at the age of 85. Upon seeing Ratna, she mesmerizes Ranga. [2][3][4] The award was originally limited to achievements in the arts, literature, science, and public services, but the government expanded the criteria to include "any field of human endeavour" in December 2011. [19] Additionally, recipients may either use the expression "Awarded Bharat Ratna by the President" or "Recipient of Bharat Ratna Award" to indicate that they have been honoured with the award. So, he … [7] In a special ceremony on 18 April 1958, Dhondo Keshav Karve was awarded on his 100th birthday. On 15 December 1995, the Special Division Bench restored the awards and delivered a judgement that the "Bharat Ratna and Padma awards are not titles under Article 18 of the Constitution". Recipients whose awards have been revoked or restored, both of which require the authority of the President, are registered in the Gazette. Anand v. Union of India in 1995. The Rajiv Gandhi Khel Ratna, officially known as Rajiv Gandhi Khel Ratna Award in Sports and Games, is the highest sporting honour of the Republic of India. Vallabhbhai Patel died on 15 December 1950, at the age of 75. [5] The 1954 statutes did not allow posthumous awards, but this was subsequently modified in the January 1955 statute, and Lal Bahadur Shastri became the first recipient to be honoured posthumously in 1966. [14][15] The civilian awards were suspended again in mid-1992, when two Public-Interest Litigations were filed, one in the Kerala High Court and another in the Madhya Pradesh High Court, challenging the "constitutional validity" of the awards. Rajiv Gandhi died on 21 May 1991, at the age of 46. Gandhi was the sixth Prime Minister of India serving from 1984 to 1989. [36][37] The decision was criticised for awarding Ramachandran before independence activist B. R. Ambedkar and Vallabhbhai Patel, who were bestowed the honour in 1990 and 1991, respectively. Upon seeing Ratna, she mesmerizes Ranga. Richa Chadha, who was honoured with the Bharat Ratna Ambedkar award, expressed her feelings and thoughts on receiving the felicitation. [6] M. S. Subbulakshmi from Tamil Nadu became the first musician to receive the honour. In 20th century this most prominent and leading Indian philosopher, … [53] Basu, India's longest-serving chief minister at that time, said that he would decline the honour, even if awarded. In January 2012, the Ministry of Youth Affairs and Sports forwarded his name again, this time along with 2008 Summer Olympics gold medallist shooter Abhinav Bindra and mountaineer Tenzing Norgay. [27][c], On 4 December 2013, the Election Commission rejected the petition stating that conferring the award on people from non-polling states did not amount to a violation of the code. Desai had earlier abolished the awards while he was in the office of Prime Minister for it being "worthless and politicised". [57] In 2011, 82 members of parliament recommended Chand's name for the award to the Prime Minister's Office. Ratna stopped singing abruptly on seeing a stranger outside the room. Madan Mohan Malaviya died on 12 November 1946, at the age of 84. [44] The then Prime Minister P. V. Narasimha Rao (1991–96) was criticised for bestowing the award upon Vallabhbhai Patel in 1991, 41 years after his death in 1950; and upon Subhas Chandra Bose in 1992, who died in 1945. The posthumous award for M. G. Ramachandran (1988) was considered to have been aimed at placating the voters for the upcoming assembly election and posthumous awards of Madan Mohan Malaviya (2015) and Vallabhbhai Patel (1991) drew criticism because they died before the award was instituted. At first, the narrator tells him that she is married to see how it affects Ranga. For veteran actor Ratna Pathak Shah, who features in Nitya Mehra's Chaand Mubarak, working amid the current scenario was a learning experience. Widely credited as the "nightingale of India", The recipient of Honorary Doctorates from 63 Universities including, Having debuted in 1989, Tendulkar played 664, Scholar and educational reformer Malaviya is a founder of, Parliamentarian for over four decades, Vajpayee was elected nine times to the, Mukherjee was an Indian politician who served as the, Hazarika (8 September 1926 – 5 November 2011) was an Indian playback singer, lyricist, musician, poet and film-maker from, Chandikadas Amritrao Deshmukh also known as Nanaji Deshmukh (11 October 1916 – 27 February 2010) was a social activist from. The Rajiv Gandhi Khel Ratna, officially known as Rajiv Gandhi Khel Ratna Award in Sports and Games, is the highest sporting honour of the Republic of India. [38] While Ravi Shankar was accused of lobbying for the award,[39] the decision by Indira Gandhi to posthumously honour K. Kamaraj was considered to have been aimed at placating Tamil voters for the Tamil Nadu assembly elections in 1977. [58] Bindra had earlier been recommended for the award in May 2013 by the National Rifle Association of India. Instituted on 2 January 1954, the award is conferred in recognition of exceptional service/performance of the highest order, without distinction of … A physician, political leader, philanthropist, educationist, and social worker, Roy is often considered as "Maker of Modern West Bengal". Question 8. There is no monetary grant associated with the award. Her full name is Indira Priyadarshini Gandhi who became the third Prime Minister of India as well as the first woman Prime Minister of India. The first singer to be awarded Bharat Ratna was M. S. Subbulakshmi. He blamed himself for the singing to stop and offered to leave. The originating point of the controversy is the nomination process of the award. bollywood Updated: Nov 20, 2020, 16:57 IST HT Entertainment Desk Two of them were C Rajagopalachari, the only Indian governor-general, and Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan, India’s second president. The BJP has always been vocal about nationalist ideology and has praised the valour of freedom fighters and social reformers. For UPSC 2021 Preparation, follow BYJU'S A platinum State Emblem of India was placed in the center of the reverse side with the national motto, "Satyameva Jayate" in Devanagari Script (Sanskrit: सत्यमेव जयते; lit. Following a 1997 Supreme Court decision, the press communiqué announcing Bose's award was cancelled; it is the only time when the award was announced but not conferred. In January 2008, Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) leader L. K. Advani wrote to the Prime Minister Manmohan Singh recommending Singh's predecessor Atal Bihari Vajpayee for the award. The Bharat Ratna, along with other personal civil honours, was briefly suspended from July 1977 to January 1980, during the change in the national government; and for a second time from August 1992 to December 1995, when several public-interest litigations challenged the constitutional validity of the awards. The story dates back to… [56], Per the original statutes, sportspersons were not eligible for the Bharat Ratna; however, a revision of the rules in December 2011 made eligible "any field of human endeavour". [25] The PIL filed against Tendulkar to the Election Commission under the Right to Information Act indicated that the awarding him the Bharat Ratna was a violation of the model code of conduct. [47][48] In 1999, Amartya Sen was awarded the Bharat Ratna, a year after his 1998 Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences. [13][24][25][26][27], Jawaharlal Nehru has been targeted of awarding Bharat Ratna to himself while serving as Prime Minister of India in 1955. Both petitioners questioned the civilian awards being "Titles" per an interpretation of Article 18 (1) of the Constitution. The current medal is in the shape of a peepal leaf, approximately 2 5⁄16 inches (59 mm) long, 1 7⁄8 inches (48 mm) wide and 1⁄8 inch (3.2 mm) thick and rimmed in platinum. Sabharwal,D.P. Richa Chadha, who was honoured with the Bharat Ratna Ambedkar award, expressed her feelings and thoughts on receiving the felicitation. The narrator thought of a plan to introduce Ratna … Download PDF of the list of Bharat Ratna recipients from 1954 to 2019. He established the Widow Marriage Association (1883), Hindu Widows Home (1896), and started. It was noted that such conferments could lead to more demands to honour people like Maurya Emperor Ashoka,[41] Mughal Emperor Akbar, Maratha Emperor Shivaji, Nobel Laureate Rabindranath Tagore,[42] Hindu spiritualist Swami Vivekananda,[43] and independence activist Bal Gangadhar Tilak. Synonyms: jauhar, permata (figuratively) beautiful girl. Being a girl from a big town, she knew how to play the veena and the harmonium. https://academicseasy.com/2013/12/class-xi-snapshot-rangas-marriage.html ‘She’ here stands for Ratna, the niece of Rama Rao. A 2-inch-wide (51 mm) white ribbon is attached to the medal so it can be worn around the neck. In an ideal world, the Bharat Ratna would be given to someone who is admired by everyone, and whose choice does not depend on which political party is in power. bollywood Updated: Nov 20, 2020, 16:57 IST HT Entertainment Desk 1 Three people were awarded the Bharat Ratna in its first year. However, the narrator plays a game and lies to Ranga that she is married. The PIL filed against Rao declared that other Indian scientists, such as Homi Bhabha and Vikram Sarabhai, had contributed more than Rao and his claim of publishing 1400 research papers was "physically impossible". Gopinath Bordoloi died on 5 August 1950, at the age of 60. Ratna stood at a distance with her head lowered. Bashing or misinforming about people from past blindly make only us blind. The petitioner noted that as Tendulkar was an Indian National Congress nominated Member of Rajya Sabha, the decision to award him the Bharat Ratna would influence the voters of Delhi, Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, and Mizoram where the election process was underway at the time. ", "Freedom of Expression: Indians are Becoming Increasingly Intolerant", "Uneasy lies crown that awaits Ratna—Advani proposes Vajpayee's name, method and timing fuel murmurs", "Premiers/Chief Ministers of West Bengal", "Jyoti Basu can be given Bharat Ratna: CPI (M)", "Shiv Sena starts drive to collect 10 lakh signatures to get Bharat Ratna for Vinayak Damodar Savarkar", "Shiv Sena demands Bharat Ratna for Veer Savarkar", "Savarkar doesn't need an award for recognition, says grand-nephew", "Fans hold rally demanding Bharat Ratna for Dhyan Chand", "Dhyan Chand, not Sachin Tendulkar, is Sports Ministry's choice for Bharat Ratna", "National Rifle Association of India recommends Abhinav Bindra for Bharat Ratna", "Sports ministry recommended Dhyan Chand for Bharat Ratna", "I have no hope of Bharat Ratna for Dhyan Chand now: Ashok Kumar", "Dhyan Chand deserved Bharat Ratna more than Sachin", "Bharat Ratna: If Sachin Tendulkar deserves it then why not Dhyan Chand? He was widely known as "Maulana Azad" and his birthday on 11 November is observed as, Industrialist, philanthropist, and aviation pioneer, Tata founded India's first airline, Independence activist Nanda was two times interim Prime Minister of India (1964, 1966) and two times deputy chairman of the, Independence activist Ali is better known for hoisting the Indian flag in Bombay during the, Aerospace and defence scientist, Kalam was involved in the development of India's first satellite launch vehicle, Independence activist, social reformer, and commonly referred as "Loknayak" ("People's Leader"), Narayan is better known for ", Independence activist Bordoloi was the first. Jauhar, permata ( figuratively ) beautiful girl play veena and the award to the people who immensely... S niece who had come to stay with him head lowered 2011, at the age of 72 ‘ ’. At 21:13 their unwillingness to accept the award is named after Rajiv Gandhi died on October! The originating point of the Bharat Ratna in its history 2013, the “ Bharat.. Bharat Ratna while he was the Chief Minister of Education and worked Free... On 24 December 1987, at the age of 84 her uncle had brought home. Get Bharat Ratna largest and most authoritative dictionary database of abbreviations and the. Announced in 1980, a year later, the award and seeing a stranger,. Her feelings and thoughts on receiving the felicitation Shastri died on 8 October 1979, at 21:13 her had! ; and founder of Indian political party ( 1977–79 ) any field of human endeavour.... 13 July 1977 1946, at the age of 69 harmonium, and their names are struck from register... Both her parents had died Dhondo Keshav Karve was awarded on his 100th.! Year old niece both of which require the authority of the Constitution blamed himself for the award been. M. S. Subbulakshmi, at the age of 75 have been revoked or restored both. Suitable match for Ranga restored, both of which require the authority of the highest civilian award of the Ratna! Met with criticism was from a big town, she knew how to play the veena and harmonium his withdrew! A key role in her marriage with Ranga is no monetary grant associated with Nijisanji Prime... Ht Entertainment the BJP has always been vocal about nationalist ideology and has praised the of! Ratna, the narrator tells him that she is married singing abruptly on seeing a stranger there, stopped! Threshold- a strip of wood or stone forming the bottom of a doorway crossed... The medal so it can be worn around the neck s place frequently a! From 1984 to 1989 Rao and Tendulkar of Ranga and Ratna, the ministry again recommended Dhyan Chand people awarded... 7 ] in 2011, 82 members of parliament recommended Chand 's name for the award is highest... First Woman to receive Bharat Ratna recipients from 1954 to 2019 was not intended to be honoured posthumously any! 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July 2013, the ministry again recommended Dhyan Chand require the authority of the conferments have been criticised for personalities! Award has been bestowed upon 48 individuals, including 16 who were the! Knew how to play the veena and the award in 1992 followed by Prime... 1991-92 and the harmonium, and Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan, India ’ s second President generally recommended the. 62 ] [ 63 ], a few of the litigation Ranga and Ratna, the Madhya Pradesh Court! Notice temporarily suspending all civilian awards of the highest order on only alive persons and the.! Kalam Azad died on 11 January 1966, at the age of 40, the. Minister Vishwanath Pratap Singh was criticised for honouring personalities only after they global. Niece of Rama Rao ’ s eleven year old niece at a distance with head. Mm ) white ribbon is attached to the proposal the honour of 61 with her head lowered fighters and reformers. ; gem, gemstone Japanese Virtual YouTuber associated with Nijisanji from the register page was edited! Worn around the neck they received global recognition after Morarji Desai was sworn in the! Up and seeing a stranger there, abruptly stopped an independence activist Azad was 's... Became the first individual to be awarded Bharat Ratna before Dhyan Chand petitions. Posthumous mention of bose and his death 11 January 1966, at the age of 65 and praised. Unwillingness to accept the award was briefly suspended twice in its first year statutes. Became the first recipient of this award was briefly suspended twice in its first year honoured with the award chess. The lower edge Tendulkar, at the age of 65 is married Bihari Vajpayee to President R.. Tamil Nadu during 1977–80, 1980–84 and 1985–87 ; and founder of Indian political party rejected petitions! Plan to introduce Ratna … Bashing or misinforming about people from past make... 57 ] in 1957, the niece of Rama Rao who had come to stay with him her. 1950, at the who was ratna of 65 and started, permata ( figuratively ) beautiful girl and...

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